Daily Archives: Jun 21, 2018

Las fuerzas armadas ocupan 97 establecimientos para inhibir la especulación, acaparamiento y alteración fraudulenta de precios

Por: AFP

Unos 50 militares, armados con fusiles, vigilaron  el mercado de Coche, uno de los mayores de Caracas, en una operación ordenada por el Gobierno contra la imparable escalada de precios.

Por orden del presidente Nicolás Maduro, quien asegura afrontar “una guerra económica”, se inició esta semana la “ocupación temporal” de 97 mercados municipales, dijo Tareck El Aissami, a cargo del recién creado ministerio de Industria y Producción.

“La toma de los mercados municipales ha sido todo un éxito. Preso está un grupo grande de mafiosos, mayoristas, ladrones, capitalistas. Encontramos de todo ahí, hasta prostitución”, afirmó Maduro durante un acto político en Caracas.

“Hemos determinado indicios de especulación, acaparamiento y alteración fraudulenta de precios”, recalcó El Aissami a la televisora estatal VTV.

La intervención de los mercados fue anunciada por el mandatario poco después de su reelección en los cuestionados comicios del pasado 20 de mayo, boicoteados por la oposición al considerarlos “fraudulentos” y desconocidos por varios gobiernos de América y Europa.

En la primera etapa serán ocupados 21 mercados, precisó Menry Fernández, director de Superintendencia Nacional de Gestión Agroalimentaria. Todo en el marco de la “Gran Misión Abastecimiento Soberano”, plan que Maduro lanzó en julio de 2016 y cuyo manejo asignó al ministro de Defensa, Vladimir Padrino López, y los militares.

En medio de una severa crisis, los sueldos de los venezolanos se han diluido por la hiperinflación, proyectada en 13,800% por el Fondo Monetario Internacional para 2018.

Especialistas sostienen que la inflación se dispara por la emisión de dinero sin respaldo para cubrir un déficit fiscal cercano a 20% del PIB, mientras que la escasez de alimentos básicos, causada por el deterioro del aparato industrial por férreos controles de cambio y de precio, también ha empujado los precios de los productos.

La imagen corresponde a una protesta en la que de forma representativa la gente está “en jaulas” con el fin de exigir la liberación de menores encarcelados

Por:EFE

Tras la difusión de diversas imágenes, audios y videos sobre las condiciones en las que niños inmigrantes son separados de sus padres en centros de detención de Estados Unidos, bajo la política de Donald Trump de “cero tolerancia”, surgió una fotografía de un infante dentro de una jaula, pegado a los barrotes y llorando.

La “desgarradora” imagen se volvió viral en medio del contexto en el que se encuentran los menores indocumentados, luego de que el periodista inmigrante, José Antonio Vargas escribió un ‘tuit’ con dicha imagen y el siguiente mensaje:

Tiempo después, Vargas ‘tuiteó’ la misma imagen pero aclarando que no correspondía a una detención por oficiales de inmigración.

“Esto es lo que pasa cuando el gobierno cree que la gente es ‘ilegal’. Niños en jaulas”. 

Diversos usuarios en redes sociales han compartido dicha imagen, señalando que el menor es una víctima más dentro de un centro de detención.

No obstante, la realidad es que la imagen corresponde a una protesta del pasado 10 de junio, que un grupo de personas en defensa de los infantes realizó, con el objetivo de exigir la liberación de los niños encarcelados “tratados como animales”.

La publicación sobre la manifestación fue dada a conocer en Facebook por la organización “Brown Berets de Cemanahuac -Texas Chapter”. En las fotografías que acompañan su consigna, aparece el menor “enjaulado” que ha circulado en la web, junto a otros niños e incluso corriendo fuera de la jaula.

Las reacciones del mundo sobre la difusión de las condiciones deplorables en las que se tienen a los inmigrantes han causado diversas críticas contra el gobierno de Donald Trump.

Este miércoles, el mandatario estadounidense firmó una orden para dejar de separar a los infantes de sus padres, quienes a partir de ahora, serán llevados a los mismos centros de detención.

 

A new executive order signed by President Trump lays out steps to end the separation of immigrant families at the U.S.-Mexico border. We see this as a tacit admission by the Trump administration that many of its previous claims about family separations were bunk.

By: Salvador Rizzo WP

Until Trump signed the order June 20, the administration was insisting that it didn’t have a policy of separating families (false), that several laws and court rulings were forcing these separations (false), that Democrats were to blame (false), that only Congress could stop family separations (false) and that an executive order wouldn’t get the job done.

“You can’t do it through an executive order,” Trump said June 15.

“Congress and the courts created this problem, and Congress alone can fix it,” Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said June 18. The day before, she tweeted: “We do not have a policy of separating families at the border. Period.”

Well, apparently there was a policy and Trump can apply a fix without Congress.

In any case, Trump’s executive order includes important caveats that may blunt its intended effect. The administration’s proposal is basically to keep children in immigration detention for longer than is currently allowed.

Now for some fact-checking. Trump announced the new policy during a meeting with Republican lawmakers at the White House, and we’re rounding up several of their claims below.

“We’re going to keep families together, but we still have to maintain toughness, or our country will be overrun by people, by crime, by all of the things that we don’t stand for, that we don’t want.”

— Trump

Without more details, it’s too early to say how Trump’s executive order will work in practice.

The new order doesn’t end the Department of Justice’s “zero-tolerance policy” of prosecuting all adults who are caught entering the country illegally, whether they crossed the border alone or with their children. This has been the main driver behind the family separations. Since children can’t be prosecuted with their parents, the government treats them as though they had crossed the border alone and places them in shelters or with relatives already living in the United States.

Courts have ruled that the Department of Homeland Security must release undocumented immigrant children in their custody within 20 days. They must be housed in the “least restrictive setting” while their immigration claims are resolved. Trump’s executive order effectively directs the Justice Department to seek court approval for keeping children detained for longer than 20 days when necessary. That’s how they plan to avoid family separations, since the decision to prosecute all parents still stands.

But the courts could deny Trump’s request, which would throw a wrench into his plan. The president indicated his order was not a long-term fix and urged Congress to act.

There’s also a huge backlog of cases at the border, not enough judges, not enough space to house families together, and limited funding to increase these resources. Without congressional action, or without Trump rescinding his “zero-tolerance policy,” these issues would pose a logistical nightmare and complicate the president’s plan.

What happens in the interim? And what about the children who have been separated already? The Department of Homeland Security said June 19 that 2,342 children have been separated from their parents since May. The Department of Health and Human Services says it has not received new orders on how to handle them.

“This has been going on under President Obama, under President Bush. This has been going on for many, many years. We’re going to see if we can solve it. This is not something that happened just now.”

— Trump

The George W. Bush and Barack Obama administrations both considered and explicitly rejected plans for the systematic separation of immigrant families caught at the border. Although some separations occurred during their terms, experts say these were few and far between and generally in cases where children were suspected to be in danger or not related to their accompanying adults.

The key difference now? Under its “zero-tolerance policy,” the Trump administration is choosing to prosecute all adults for illegal-entry offenses. This is a misdemeanor for first-time offenders under the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952. No president has chosen to enforce the INA’s illegal-entry provision with the Trump administration’s zeal, and no administration has separated families at the rates seen over the last several weeks

“If a family shows up at the border and we let the family go into the country and say, ‘Please come back for your hearing,’ about 80 percent of the time, the adults never show up for the hearing.”

  • Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.)

Before Trump’s zero-tolerance policy took effect, his administration and previous ones would release undocumented immigrant families into the United States while their immigration cases wound through the system. A substantial number of these immigrants did not show up for their immigration hearings and remained in the country without legal authorization. (Critics call this “catch and release.”)

But Graham’s 80 percent estimate for no-shows is way off, according to experts. The Center for Immigration Studies, a think tank that advocates for tighter border controls, found in a 2017 report that “over the past 20 years, 37 percent of all aliens free pending their trials — 918,098 out of 2,498,375 — never showed for court.”

That means 63 percent did show up for their immigration hearings, much higher than what Graham indicated.

“If you detain the parents who broke the law under the Flores decision, you have to break the family up. So there’s a 1997 … court case that we’ve got to deal with.”

— Graham

Graham mischaracterizes a 1997 federal consent decree. According to a 2016 decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit, the “Flores” consent decree requires the federal government to release rather than detain all undocumented immigrant children, whether they crossed with parents or alone. The agreement doesn’t cover any parents who might be accompanying those minors, but neither does it mandate that parents be prosecuted or that families be separated.

Past practice, including during the Trump administration’s first 15 months, was to release parents along with children. This doesn’t violate the Flores settlement’s terms or the 9th Circuit’s ruling. Indeed, the Trump administration released nearly 100,000 undocumented immigrants while Flores and the court ruling were in place.

“MS-13, they come into the country, we’re liberating towns on Long Island and other places, we’re throwing them out by the thousands. But we need laws that don’t allow them to come back in.”

— Trump

As we’ve reported, there are no data to verify this claim because no U.S. agency or private group reports how many MS-13 members are deported.

But Trump’s claim is highly implausible. Statistics from the government of El Salvador, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and the Justice Department show that Trump’s crackdown on MS-13 has had a discernible impact, though there’s nothing showing that “thousands and thousands” of the gang’s members have been “thrown out” since the president took office.

Instead, it’s in the “hundreds and hundreds” ballpark. It’s worth noting that many MS-13 members are U.S. citizens.

“Here’s what’s happened since 2012, since DACA, just talking about unaccompanied children. Prior to that, somewhere between 3- or 4,000 unaccompanied children from Central America came into this country. Then DACA was instituted in 2012, and that problem skyrocketed. The numbers on it: about 225,000 unaccompanied children just from Central America, about — almost half a million family members. So we’ve got another 750,000 individuals, very sympathetic, that we’re just incentivizing to come here, and we have to stop.”

— Sen. Ron Johnson (R-Wis.)

These statistics are inflated or unsupported. The number of unaccompanied children did spike in fiscal year 2012. However, it wasn’t 225,000 unaccompanied Central American children since 2012. It was just over 157,000, according to CBP figures.

Johnson’s office provided data in support of this claim. But these data show that to get to 225,000 kids, you would have to start counting from 2009 — not 2012.

Johnson’s office did not provide data for his estimate of “almost half a million” family members. Using CBP data, 233,000 family units from Central America have entered the United States since fiscal year 2015.

Johnson suggests that DACA gave Central American migrants an incentive to crowd into the United States, and that may have been a factor for some. But a 2014 report by the nonpartisan Congressional Research Service found that “high violent crime rates, poor economic conditions fueled by relatively low economic growth rates, high rates of poverty, and the presence of transnational gangs” were some of the motivating factors instead.

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees interviewed 404 children from Mexico and Central America who entered the United States from October 2011 to 2013. It found that 48 percent had “experienced serious harm or had been threatened by organized criminal groups or state actors.”

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